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      2020年12月英語六級閱讀理解答案(網友版)

      所屬教程:六級閱讀

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      qinting

      2020年12月16日

      手機版
      掃描二維碼方便學習和分享
        下面是小編整理的這次六級考試中關于2020年12月英語六級閱讀理解答案(網友版)的資料,希望能對你有所幫助。其他關于2020年12月六級考試的相關資訊,敬請關注聽力課堂英語六級頻道,小編也會密切關注2020年12月六級考試的相關信息并及時發布。

        

       

        【選詞填空】

        【第一套】

        26. C

        It has been driven by fear.

        空格前為現在完成時的被動語態,所以需要動詞的-ed形式,根據上文句意,由恐懼所驅使,因此選擇driven.

        27. O

        and a sacrifice to protest those most vulnerable to the coronavirus’(冠狀病毒) effect.

        空格前為most最高級,所以需要填形容詞,空格后為介詞to,所以需要一個能與to搭配的形容詞,be vulnerable to 容易受到…,能與上下句意搭配,所以選擇vulnerable.

        28. E

        life-saving resources would be used up by a malignant epidemic.

        空格前是不定冠詞,后面是名詞,所以中間應該填寫形容詞,malignant 致命的,通常用來指疾病,后面是流行病,所以選擇malignant.

        29. N

        But social distancing is unique in that

        空格前是系動詞,所以需要填表語,形容詞或名詞,但由于沒有冠詞,所以需要形容詞,根據句意需要填unique獨特的。

        30. H

        Those who will benefit may be the elderly relatives of the random person

        空格前是定冠詞,后面是名詞,所以需要形容詞,根據詞意選擇random隨意的

        31. K

        It doesn’t include the temptations to run from society.

        空格前是定冠詞the, 所以空格中需要填名詞,根據上下文,temptations 誘惑為正確答案。

        32. A

        it offers an amazing opportunity for those who care about the elderly.

        空格前為不定冠詞,后面為名詞,所以需要形容詞。后文的內容是關心/關注老年人,所以是積極正向的形容詞,因此選amazing.

        33. D

        if we are not engaged as much in our normal work or school.

        固定表達的考察,be engaged in 參與,從事。

        34. J

        we can also ask elderly relatives how to best support them spiritually

        空格前是完整句子,所以空格中填寫副詞,根據句意,精神上支持她們,所以選擇spiritually.

        35. B

        our community and world closer

        比較級,根據句意,指我們的社區和世界更親密,所以選closer.

        【第二套】

        26.N

        Hotels in San Francisco are experiencing vacancy rates between 70 and 80 percent.

        此空格后面為名詞rates, 考查固定搭配, vacancy rate 表示空缺率。

        27.I

        Universities,now emptying their campuses, have never tried online learning on this scale.

        空格前為定冠詞the,所以此空格填名詞scale.

        28.F

        asking employees to work from home for the foreseeable future

        空格處所在的句子完整,且空格后為名詞future, 所以空格處填形容詞。所以填foreseeable,可以預見的。

        29.J

        The pandemic(大流行病)will take lives, strangle economies and destroy routines

        空格處所在的句子為并列結構,并列后為destroy routines, 所以空格處填動詞原形。再根據句意,填strangle,妨礙,阻止。

        30.G

        despite technologists’ predictions to the contrary

        空格前為名詞的所有格形式 technologists’,所以空格處填名詞prediction,預測。

        31.D

        Small disruptions create small social shifts

        空格前為形容詞small,說明此空格缺名詞,再結合句意,小的______創造小的社會轉變,所以填名詞,disruptions, 擾亂。

        32.B

        the New York transit strike of 1980 is credited with prompting several long-term changes.

        空格前為is, 后面是介詞with,所以考查固定搭配。be credited with,把…歸功于

        33.H

        this might not even be a question of preference

        空格前為介詞of, 所以填名詞。

        34.M

        it’s not clear that the cruise industry will survive

        空格前為will,所以填動詞原形,再結合句意,目前還不清楚郵輪行業能否_______survive,存活。

        35.E

        or that public transit won’t go broke without federal assistance.

        空格處所在的句子完整,且在名詞assistance之前,所以填形容詞。federal,聯邦的。

        【第三套】

        26.A

        it offers the possibility of a double benefit—discouraging harmful activities.

        此空格前面為一個完整的句子,且空格后句子不完整,故填非謂語。

        27.E

        which reduces excessive drinking and impaired driving

        空格前為并列結構,且空格后為名詞短語過度飲酒,所以填形容詞 impaired.

        28.J

        have proven instrumental in the decline of smoking...

        此空格需要根據句意來判斷

        29.N

        because companies that pump carbon dioxide into the sky

        空格所在的句子為定語從句,且從句缺謂語,主語是companies,故填動詞原形pump,噴射。

        30.G

        carbon taxes would restore the proper incentives to the market...

        空格前為形容詞,所以空格處填名詞。incentive,動機。

        31.M

        which would probably be hundreds of billions of dollars per year...

        空格處為完整的句子,且空格前為情態動詞,空格后為be動詞,所以填副詞,probably,或許,可能。

        32.B

        handed out to citizens as a dividend or used to fund...

        空格前為不定冠詞a, 所以空格處填單數名詞,dividend,獎金。

        33.L

        some experts predict will be over 4$ trillion per decades

        空格所在的句子缺少謂語,且主語為experts,所以填動詞原形 predict

        34.H

        if you believe, as many do, that wealth inequality is inherently bad.

        空格處為完整的句子,且空格前為系動詞is,所以填副詞inherently,內在地,固有地。

        35.O

        then these taxes improve society while also swelling government coffers.

        空格前為完整的句子,且空格后句子不完整,故填非謂語,swelling,增強。

        【長篇閱讀】

        【第一套】 文章開頭:The Challenges for Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture

        36-40 DLENF 41-45 QHCKM

        36. Farmers will not profit from replanting once they have applied most of the fertilizer and other chemicals to their fields.

        37. Agriculture differs from the medical science of the human body in that its environment is not a contained one.

        38. The agronomist is sure that he will obtain a near accurate count of plant with his software.

        39.The application of artificial intelligence to agriculture is much more challenging than to most other industries.

        40. Even the farmers know the data provided by the UAV is not correct.

        41. The pressure for quick results leads to product failure, which, in turn, arouses doubts about the applicability of AI technology to agriculture.

        42. Remote sensors are aimed to help farmers improve decision-making to increase yields.

        43. The farmer expects the software to tell him whether he will have to replant any parts of his farm fields.

        44. Agriculture proves very difficult to quantify because of the constantly changing conditions involved.

        45. The same seed and fertilizer program may yield completely different outcomes in different places.

        36.定位句【D】At this growth stage of the plant's development, the farmer has another 10 days to conduct any replanting before the majority of his fertilizer and chemical applications need to occur.

        37. 定位句【L】By comparison, our bodies are a contained environment. Agriculture takes place in nature, among ecosystems of interacting organisms and activity, and crop production takes place within that ecosystem environment. But these ecosystems are not contained.

        38.定位句【E】the agronomist feels confident that the software will produce a near accurate result.

        39.定位句【N】the problem is that in most cases, no two environments will be exactly alike, which makes the testing, validation and successful rollout of such technologies much more laborious than in most other industries.

        40.定位句【F】he knows the instant he sees the data on his screen that the plant count is not correct,

        41.定位句【Q】This usually results in a failure of a product, which leads to skepticism from the market and delivers a blow to the integrity of Machine Learning technology.

        42.定位句【H】And the aim is that farmers can use this artificial intelligence to achieve their goal of a better harvest through making better decisions in the field.

        43.定位句【C】 It's been 10 days since the com emerged and the farmer wants to determine if there are any parts of the field that require replanting due to a lack of emergence or wind damage, which can be severe in the early stages of the summer rainy season.

        44.定位句【K】Even within a single field, conditions are always changing from one section to the next. There's unpredictable weather, changes in soil quality, and the ever-present possibility that pests and diseases may pay a visit. Growers may feel their prospects are good for an upcoming harvest, but until that day arrives, the outcome will always be uncertain.

        45.定位句【M】What may occur with the same seed and fertilizer program in the United States' Midwest region is almost certainly unrelated to what may occur with the same seed and fertilizer program in Australia or South Africa

        【第二套】

        36-45 E I C K C 41-45 G A F I B

        【仔細閱讀】

        【第一套】

        Passage One

        文章開頭:What is the place of art in a culture of inattention?

        答案速查:46-50 BACBC

        試題、選項及定位:

        46. What does the scene at the Louvre demonstrate according to the author?

        B) The near impossibility of appreciating art in an age of mass tourism.

        47. Why did the late philosopher Richard Wollheim spend four hours before a picture?

        A) It takes time to appreciate a piece of art fully.

        48. What does the case of the Uffizi in Florence show?

        C) Good management is key to handling large crowds of visitors.

        49. What do we learn from Olafur Eliasson’s current Tate Modern show?

        B) It is possible to combine entertainment with appreciation of serious art.

        50. What can art do according to Marcel Proust?

        C) Help us to see the world from a different perspective.

        Passage Two

        文章開頭:Every five years, the government tries to tell...

        答案速查:51-55 DADCB

        試題、選項及定位:

        51. Why are some researchers irritated at the USDA’s 2016-2020 Dietary Guidelines?

        D) It takes no notice of the potential impact on the environment.

        52. Why does the author say the USDA could have contributed a lot to lowering the climate cost through its dietary guidelines?

        A) It has the capacity and the financial resources to do so.

        53. What do we learn from the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee’s scientific report?

        D) Farming consumes most of our natural resources.

        54. What may account for the neglect of sustainability in the USDA’s Dietary Guidelines according to the author?

        C) Its close ties with the agriculture companies.

        55. What should the USDA do to achieve food security according to David Wallinga?

        B) Endeavor to ensure the sustainable development of agriculture.

        【第二套】

        Passage One

        文章開頭:Why does social media...

        46-50 CACAD

        Why lifelong learning is the international passport to success

        答案 36-45 HEBKI CJNFM

        46. C) It may make us feel isolated and incompetent.

        47. A) They do not find all their online friends trustworthy.

        48. C) Paint a rosy picture of other people's lives.

        49. A) They should record the memorable moments in people's lives.

        50. D) Strengthen ties with real-life friends instead of caring about their online images.

        Passage Two

        文章開頭:Imagine that an alien species landed on Earth...

        答案速查:51-55 ADBBC

        51. A) Ruining their culture.

        52. D) Different chimp groups differ in their way of communication.

        53. B) Chimp behavior becomes less varied with the increase of human activity.

        54. B) Make efforts to preserve each individual chimp community.

        55. C) Conserve animal species in a novel and all-round way.

        【第三套】

        Passage One

        Vegetarians would prefer not to be compelled to eat meat.

        46-50 BCBDA

        46. B) People’s reluctance to be compelled to eat plant-based food.

        47. C) Make them even more undernourished.

        48. B) Many people simply do not have access to foods they prefer.

        49. D) It may worsen the nourishment problem in low-income countries.

        50. A) It accepts them at the expense of the long-term interests of its people.

        Passage Two

        文章開頭:Back in 1964, in his book ...

        答案速查:CDADC

        51. C) They constantly dismiss others’ proposals while taking no responsibility for tackling the problem.

        52. D) A distinction should be drawn between responsibility and fault.

        53. A) Stop them from going further by agreeing with them.

        54. D) They are encouraged to start arguing back.

        55. C) Assuming responsibility to free oneself.


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